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Vehicle Identification Numbers (VIN)/Volvo/VIN Codes

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Vehicle Identification Numbers (VIN codes)

Volvo Cars uses the following VIN codes and formats:

These VIN number decoding and designation is used primarily only for the North American Market. European and other Asian markets use another nominclature systems.

Volvo Car Corporation is a registered Swedish based company that was headed by parent group FOMOCO PAG until 2010 when Ford Motor Company sold it to Geely Automobile Holdings Ltd. The Volvo Car Corp still has concerns with its past parent AB Volvo when it comes to vehicle safety systems, crash testing, engines, ocean races, and some parts.

Volvo Car Corp uses World Manufacturer Identifiers beginning with YV and 4V.

Volvo VIN History and Updates

The Volvo Cars group started using a standard VIN pattern in 1976 on the 164 and 240 series vehicles. Since the VIN specification had not been defined yet, the codes are a somewhat different configuration than modern VIN codes yet still contain much of the same information. The most distinguishable features are the 2 character manufacturer identifier "VC" and 15 character length.

In 1981 Volvo changed the VIN pattern in accordance with the ISO Standard 3779 for vehicle VIN numbers. Volvo cars sold in North America from 1981 to 1991 had a VIN pattern that is slightly different than Volvo cars produced after 1991. The most significant changes in the post 1991 VIN were the 5th and 8th position characters. The 5th character was changed from representing the safety equipment to represent the body style and safety equipment. this also helped ease the integration of front wheel drive configurations (850 series) into the existing VIN pattern. It seems likely that the old (81-91) position 8 character was combined with the position 5 codes in 1992 which resulted in new codes in the 5th character position. This left the 8th character position open to represent the engine emission control setup.

With the discontinuation of the rear wheel drive models, Ford aquisition, and new series designations (C, S and V series and later XC) in 1999, Volvo VIN patterns changed again. The main change came again to the 5th character representing body style and safety equipment. After 1998 the 5th character changed to represent the vehicle platform. While the information being represented by the character position was somewhat backwards compatible with the codes used prior to 1999, it should be considered representational of a different data set. After 1999 the 4th character should also be considered representational of a new data set for vehicle code to with the change of series designations.

In 2008 the U.S. National Highway Transportation and Safety Administration decided to change the structure of the VIN pattern. For modelyear 2010 and forward all cars with marketcode 31 and 39 (USA and Canada) position 4-5 change places with position 6-8 (i.e. 12345678 becomes 12367845).

Postion 1 - 3: World Manufacturer Identifier

  • YV1 = cars
  • YV2 = trucks
  • YV3 = buses
  • YV4 = multipurpose
  • 4V1 = trucks
  • 4V2
  • 4V3
  • 4V4 = trucks
  • 4V5 = trucks
  • 4V6
  • 4VL
  • 4VM
  • 4VZ

Position 4: Vehicle Code

 [1981-1998][1999-Present]
A 240 2007- S80
B 260 2008- V70, XC70
C Volvo XC90
D XC60
F 740 New S60/V60
G 760
H 780
J 940
K 960
L 850, S70 1998 V70
M Volvo S40, V50, C30, and new C70
R Volvo S60
S 2000- 2007 Volvo V70, XC70
T 1999- 2006 Volvo S80
V Volvo V40

Position 5: Safety Equipment, Body Style, Platform Code

[1981-1991] Safety Equipment

  • A = Air Bag & 3-Point Safety Harness (Seat Belt)
  • X = 3-Point Safety Harness (Seat Belt)

[1992-1998] Body and Safety Equipment

  • S = Sedan (4-door) with Air Bag & 3-Point Safety Harness (Seat Belt)
  • W = Wagon (5-door) with Air Bag & 3-Point Safety Harness (Seat Belt)
  • T = Sedan (4-door) 3-Point Safety Harness (Seat Belt) - Canada
  • X = Wagon (5-door) 3-Point Safety Harness (Seat Belt) - Canada

[1999-Present] Vehicle Platform

  • C = All-New C70
  • H = S40 AWD, S60 AWD, S80 AWD
  • J = V50 AWD, V70 AWD
  • K = C30 FWD
  • L = XC60 2WD
  • M = XC90 5-Seater AWD
  • N = XC90 5-Seater FWD
  • S = S40 FWD, S60 FWD, S80 FWD
  • W = V50 FWD, V70 FWD , V70 AWD
  • Y = XC90 7-Seater FWD
  • Z = XC70 AWD, XC90 7-Seater AWD

Position 6- 7: Engine Code

  • 17 = B4204S2 V40 2.0l FWD
  • 38 = B5244S4 S40/V50 2.4i FWD
  • 39 = B5244S7 S40/V50 2.4i FWD
  • 41 = B5202S 850/V70 2.0i FWD
  • 51 = B5252S 850/V70 2.5i FWD
  • 52 = B5254T4 S60/V70 R AWD
  • 53 = B5234T3 V70 T5 FWD
  • 54 = B5244T5 S60 T5 FWD
  • 55 = B5254FS 850/V70 FWD
  • 56 = B5254T S70/V70 GLT FWD - 1999
  • 56 = B5244T 2000 -
  • 57 = B5234T 850/V70 2.3T FWD Turbo
  • 58 = B5244T3 S60/V70/S80/XC70 2000 -
  • 59 = B5254T2 S80/S60/XC90 2.5T FWD/AWD, V70 2.5T FWD, XC70 AWD
  • 61 = B5244S S60/V70 2.4 FWD
  • 64 = B5244S6 S60/V70 2.4 FWD
  • 65 = B5244S2 S80/V70 2.4 FWD
  • 67 = B5244S4 C30/C70 T5 FWD
  • 68 = B5254T3 S40/V50 T5 FWD/AWD
  • 70 = D4192T3 S40/V40
  • 71 = D4192T S40/V40, V70 AWD D5(185)
  • 72 = D5252T S70/S80 2.5TDi FWD
  • 73 = D4192T2 S40/V40
  • 74 = D5244T2
  • 75 = D4204T C30 2.0D
  • 76 = 1.6D (PSA-Ford Engine)
  • 78 = D4192T4 S40/V40
  • 85 = B8444S XC90/S80 V8 AWD
  • 88 = D5204T3 XC60
  • 97 = B6299S S80 2.9 FWD
  • 98 = B6324S XC90/S80/V70 3.2 FWD/XC70 AWD
  • 99 = B6304T4 S80 3.0 T6 AWD

Vin Engine

  • 11 B17A
  • 21 B19A
  • 24 B19E
  • 26 B19E
  • 37 D20
  • 41 B21A
  • 44 B21E
  • 45 B21F
  • 46 B21ET
  • 47 B21FT
  • 48 B21LH Jet
  • 49 B21F MPG (1981), B21F Kjet (1982)
  • 61 B27A
  • 62 B28A
  • 64 B27E
  • 65 B27F
  • 68 B28E
  • 69 B28F
  • 74 D24 TIC with EGR
  • 75 D24 TIC without EGR
  • 76 D24T
  • 77 D24 (1981-1984)
  • 80 B230G
  • 81 B23A
  • 82 B230GT & B230FD
  • 83 B230FD w/ pulsair
  • 84 B23E
  • 85 B230FB
  • 86 B230FT - EGR
  • 87 B230FT - non EGR
  • 88 B23F (1983-1984), B230F (1985-95)
  • 89 B234F
  • 92 B6244F
  • 93 B6254F
  • 95 B6304F with air pump
  • 96 B6204F without air pump
  • 98 N6304G
  • 99 B6254G

Position 8: Body Style/Emissions Code

[1981-1991] Body Style

  • 2 = 2 Door
  • 4 = 4 Door
  • 5 = 5 Door (Wagon)
  • 7 = 2 Door Coupe (Bertone)

[1992-Present] Emission Control Equipment

  • 0 = SULEV+ (Super Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle) / Engine Codes 39, 55, 64, 72
  • 2 = ULEV2 (Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle) / Engine Codes 38, 41, 51, 59, 61, 67, 68, 85, 98, 99
  • 7 = LEV2 (Low Emissions Vehicle) / Engine Codes 52, 54,
  • D = L6

Position 9: Gearbox/Check Code

  • USA /CDN Check Code
  • Elsewhere used for gearbox
700/900/90 series gearbox
1 = M90 manual
2 = M46 Manual
3 = M47 Manual
5 = ZF22
6 = AW70/71/72 lock-up
7 = AW70/71 no lock-up
850/60/70/80 series
2 = M56,M59 Manual
3 = M58 Manual
4 = M66 Manual
6 = AW42 Auto
7 = AW50AWD Auto
8 = AW42AWD Auto
9 = AW55-50SN Auto

Position 10: Year Mode Code

  • A = 1980
  • B = 1981
  • C = 1982
  • D = 1983
  • E = 1984
  • F = 1985
  • G = 1986
  • H = 1987
  • J = 1988
  • K = 1989
  • L = 1990
  • M = 1991
  • N = 1992
  • P = 1993
  • R = 1994
  • S = 1995
  • T = 1996
  • V = 1997
  • W = 1998
  • X = 1999
  • Y = 2000
  • 1 = 2001
  • 2 = 2002
  • 3 = 2003
  • 4 = 2004
  • 5 = 2005
  • 6 = 2006
  • 7 = 2007
  • 8 = 2008
  • 9 = 2009
  • A = 2010 (code restarted)
  • B = 2011
  • C = 2012

Position 11: Plant of Assembly Code

  • 0 = [Sweden] Kalmar Plant
  • 1 = [Sweden] Torslanda Plant VCT 21(Volvo Torslandaverken) (Gothenburg)
  • 2 = [Belgium] Ghent Plant VCG 22
  • 3 = [Canada] Halifax Plant
  • 4 = [Italy] - Bertone models 240
  • 5 = [Malaysia]
  • 6 = [Australia]
  • 7 = [Indonesia]
  • A = [Sweden] Uddevalla Plant (Volvo Cars/TWR (Tom Walkinshaw Racing))
  • B = [Italy] - Bertone Chongq 31
  • D = [Italy] - Bertone models 780
  • E = [Singapore]
  • F = [The Netherlands] Born Plant (NEDCAR)
  • J = [Sweden] Uddevalla Plant VCU 38 (Volvo Cars/ Pininfarina Sverige AB)
  • M = PVÖ 53

Position 12- 17: Chassis Code

  • 6 Digit number