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Volvo S90 V90 Model Specifications

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
Volvo S90/V90
Volvo S90 sedan (US)
Production 1997-1998
Assembly Göteborg, Sweden
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
5-door estate
Engine(s) 2.9L 181 hp (135 kW) I6
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2770 mm (109.1 in)
Length 4850 mm (190.9 in) (estate)
4900 mm (192.9 in) (saloon)
5020 mm (197.6 in) (executive)
Width 1750 mm (68.9 in)
Height 1438 mm (56.6 in)
Fuel capacity 77 L (16.9 Imp. gallons)
(20.3 U.S. gal)

Production of the 960 ended in 1998, with the 1998 model year vehicles renamed as the Volvo S90/Volvo V90. Some 1997 model year vehicles were branded S90 or V90 as well.

The 1992-94 Volvo 960s were built in Kalmar, Sweden. The very first Volvo 960 for the US-market rolled off the assembly line on August 12, 1991, as a 1992 model. The 1995 to 1998 960s were built in Göteborg, Sweden. The first 1995 960 was built on June 27, 1994.

All US cars were equipped with an electronically controlled Aisin AW-series automatic transmission. Beginning in the 1995 model year, European cars with the 2.5 L engines were also available with a manual transmission, the so-called M90, a strong new design that was derived from the Volvo 850's transmission. With the demise of the 2.5 L engine, the M90 was paired with a detuned version of the 3.0 L engine.




Specifications

Models

Beginning in 1985, the 740 and 760 models were available in both saloon and estate forms.

North American model availability:

  740 740 GL 740 GLE 740 GLE 16 Valve 740 GLE Turbo Diesel 740 Turbo 740 SE 760 GLE 760 GLE Turbo Diesel 760 Turbo
1983               X X  
1984               X X X
1985     X   X X   X X X
1986     X   X X   X   X
1987     X     X   X   X
1988     X     X   X   X
1989   X   X   X   X   X
1990 X X   X   X   X   X
1991 X         X X      
1991 X         X        
1992 X         (wagon)        

Engines

These engines were offered on US-spec 700 and 900 series vehicles:

  • B23FT: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged
  • B230F: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, 114 hp ('85-88 740GLE, '89-90 740GL, '90-92 740)
  • B234F: 2.3 L 16-valve, DOHC, inline-4, naturally aspirated, 153 hp ('89-90 740 GLT)
  • B230FT: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged, 160 hp ('85-92 740 Turbo **NOTE: '90-92 models produced 162 hp**)
  • B28F: 2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, odd fire crankshaft ('82-86)
  • B280F: 2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, even fire crankshaft ('87-90)
  • D24T: 2.4 L inline-6, turbodiesel, 107 hp (80 kW), variant of the LT35 engine manufactured by Volkswagen.
  • D24TIC: 2.4 L inline-6, turbodiesel, intercooled, 124 hp (92 kW), variant of the LT35 engine manufactured by Volkswagen.
  • B6304: 3.0 L straight-6, naturally aspirated

Other engines offered in other markets include:

  • B19E (offered for the '84 model year only)
  • B23E: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection ('84)
  • B23ET: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged, utilizing Bosch Motronic engine management ('84)
  • B28A: 2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, carburated ('82-85)
  • B28E: 2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated, Bosch K-Jetronic, high output ('82-86)
  • B200F: 2.0 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, Bosch LH-Jetronic 111 hp (83 kW)
  • B200K: 2.0 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, Renix ignition, 200K had standard head unlike 230K (introduced for the '85 model year)
  • B200ET: 2.0 L inline-4, turbocharged, Bosch Motronic engine management (introduced for the '85 model year)
  • B200FT: 2.0 L inline-4, turbocharged, Bosch LH-Jetronic 156 hp (116 kW)
  • B204E: 2.0 L 16-valve, DOHC, inline-4, naturally aspirated (introduced for the '89 model year)
  • B204FT: 2.0 L 16-valve, DOHC, inline-4, turbocharged (introduced for the '89 model year)
  • B204GT: 2.0 L 16-valve, DOHC, inline-4, turbocharged (introduced for the '89 model year)
  • B230A: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, carburated (1985-86)
  • B230E: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection (introduced in the '85 model year)
  • B230K: 2.3 L inline-4, naturally aspirated, Renix ignition, Heron head (introduced for the '85 model year)
  • B230ET: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged, Bosch Motronic (introduced in the '85 model year)
  • B230FK: 2.3 L inline-4, turbocharged, Low Pressure Turbo ('95-)
  • B280E: 2.8 L V6, naturally aspirated (introduced in the '87 model year)
  • B230FB: 2.3 L inline-4. naturally aspirated. available in 940
  • B6244: 2.4 L straight-6, naturally aspirated
  • B6254: 2.5 L straight-6 24v, naturally aspirated

Transmissions

Volvo offered various transmissions depending on the year/model/engine combinations including the:

  • M46 manual transmission (4-speed + Laycock de Normanville overdrive)
  • M47 manual transmission (5-speed)
  • M90 manual transmission (5-speed)
  • AW30-40 electronically controlled automatic transmission (4-speed, lockup torque converter)
  • AW70/AW70L automatic transmission (3-speed + overdrive, lockup torque converter on some models)
  • AW71 automatic transmission (3-speed + overdrive)
  • AW72L automatic transmission (4-speed, lockup torque converter)
  • ZF4HP22 automatic transmission (4-speed, lockup torque converter)

Suspension/Axle

There were also different suspension combinations depending on the model chosen:

  • 1030: Standard rear axle
  • 1031: Heavy-duty version of the 1030
  • 1041: Rear axle with Eaton locking mechanism

SE models

Later in 1991, Volvo offered a sedan and wagon badged the 740 SE. The 740 SEs, along with the 740 Turbo sedan, were subsequently discontinued for 1992. The SE badge was in fact one of the more confusing badges. In the US, the 940 SE was in fact a 960 Turbo with the four-cylinder B230FT engine, the 940 SE badge presumably chosen by Volvo in order to maintain the link between name and number of cylinders. In Sweden, the 940 SE was an ordinary non-turbo 940 with some optional extras as standard, most notably painted mirrors and bumpers. In the UK, the 940 SE was a 2-litre Turbo with some extras as standard aimed specifically at the company car market as 2-litre engines receive a tax benefit.

 

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Volvo Cars road car timeline, 1990s–present
Type 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Small family car 440/460    
480   C30  
340/360   S40/V40 S40/V50 V40  
Compact executive car   S60/V70 S60/V60  
240 850 S70/V70  
Executive car 740 940 S80 S80/V70  
760 960 S90/V90   S90/V90  
Sports saloon    850 T-5R/R S70 R/V70 R S60 T5/V70 T5 S60 R/V70 R  
Coupé 780   C70 C70  
Crossover utility vehicle    XC60  
  V70XC XC70 XC70  
   XC90 XC90  

 

 

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